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what are the main components of an automobile

  1. The basic structure.
  2. The power plant.
  3. The transmission system.
  4. The auxiliaries.
  5. The controls.

The Basic Structure

Transmission System

It consists of a clutch, a gearbox (also called transmission) which gives four, five, or even six different ratios of torque output to torque input, a propeller shaft to transmit the torque output from the gearbox to the rear axle, and a differential gear to distribute the final torque equally between the driving wheels.

Battery
The battery delivers the electricity needed to run your vehicle’s electrical components. Without a battery, your car won’t run.

Battery
The battery delivers the electricity needed to run your vehicle’s electrical components. Without a battery, your car won’t run.

Front Steering and Suspension
Helps improve the ride and handling of the vehicle. Though systems vary in makeup, they typically include shocks/struts, ball joints, tie rod ends, rack and pinion steering system and idler/pitman arms.

Brakes
Found on all four wheels, your brakes are one of the most important safety systems on your vehicle. Disc brakes can be found on the front and back wheels and feature brake pads and calipers. Drum brakes with brake shoes and wheel cylinders may be found on the back wheels of some vehicles.

Muffler
Keeps the exhaust system quiet through the use of baffles or other materials that reduce or muffle the sound.

Tailpipe
Carries exhaust fumes from the muffler to outside of the vehicle

Rear Axle
Key part of the suspension system to which the rear wheels are mounted.

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